How To Calculate Asset Turnover

asset turnover calculation

Sometimes, investors and analysts are more interested in measuring how quickly a company turns its fixed assets or current assets into sales. In these cases, the analyst can use specific ratios, such as the fixed-asset turnover ratio or the working capital ratio to calculate the efficiency of these asset classes.

  • The asset turnover ratio is one part of the DuPont analysis, with the other two parts being fairly easy to calculate as well.
  • Therefore, the average total assets for the fiscal year are $6 billion, thus making the asset turnover ratio for the fiscal year 3.33.
  • He currently researches and teaches at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem.
  • As a quick example, the company A/R balance will grow from $20m in Year 0 to $30m by the end of Year 5.
  • If you’re using a manual ledger system, you’ll calculate your net sales from your sales journal.
  • Some things you can do to fix this is by replacing or liquidating your assets to be more efficient.

In return, investors are compensated with an interest income for being a creditor to the issuer. Gross SalesGross Sales, also called Top-Line Sales of a Company, refers to the total sales amount earned over a given period, excluding returns, allowances, rebates, & any other discount. However, for a more practical assessment, data surrounding industry peers is required, as well as the specific details regarding the company’s asset management plans and recent operating changes.

Is It Better To Have A High Or Low Asset Turnover?

And this revenue figure would equate the sales figure in your Income Statement. The higher the number better would be the asset efficiency of the organization. It’s being seen that in the retail industry, this ratio is usually higher, i.e., more than 2. A high total asset turnover ratio is better because it means the company is using its assets in an effective way. A low asset turnover ratio indicates a company is not effective using its assets to generate revenue. By comparing companies in similar sectors or groups, investors and creditors can discover which companies are getting the most out of their assets and what weaknesses others might be experiencing.

You can also use it to compare against industry averages to see how your business measures up. When calculating net sales, you always need to take returns and adjustments into consideration.

What Does The Company’s Asset Turnover Ratio Mean?

Watch this short video to quickly understand the definition, formula, and application of this financial metric. Net sales are the amount of revenue generated after deducting sales returns, sales discounts, and sales allowances. Investopedia requires writers to use primary sources to support their work. These include white papers, government data, original reporting, and interviews with industry experts. We also reference original research from other reputable publishers where appropriate. You can learn more about the standards we follow in producing accurate, unbiased content in oureditorial policy.

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The receivables turnover ratio reveals how many times a company has collected its receivables during a period. Unlike assets and inventories, receivables have a more immediate element of timeliness, and you use more recent values to calculate the receivables turnover ratio. Instead of averaging the receivables from the current and prior years, you calculate the average from the most recent two quarters. Accounts receivable are a company’s uncollected income from customers, such as unpaid invoices. Higher receivables turnover ratios are preferable to lower ones, because companies run the risk of never collecting on open invoices if they delay too long. In addition, those receivables represent income, which most companies need to pay their own bills.Example 4-41 shows the formula for receivables turnover ratio. However, companies sometimes stock up their warehouses to prepare for a new product rollout or for the holiday sale season, so you should dig deeper into the reasons.

What Is A Good Asset Turnover Ratio?

In either case, calculating the asset turnover ratio will let you know how efficiently you’re using the assets you have. For asset-light industries, like a grocery delivery company, the asset turnover ratio has little relevance. Many startups have expanded rapidly by owning the operational part and outsourcing for capital assets.

Likewise, selling off assets to prepare for declining growth will artificially inflate the ratio. Also, many other factors can affect a company’s asset turnover ratio during periods shorter than a year. As per the result of the calculation, the ratio is 50% and compare to the industry average, ABC is performing very well. Probably, for the better assessment, we need the ratio from the competitors as well as the last few years so that we could understand the trend. Net sales are normally shown in the income statement and it is presented after the deduction of sales discount as well as sales return from gross sales. Continuing the evaluation of Home Depot’s efficiency ratios, Table 4-6 shows pertinent Home Depot financials for calculating the receivables turnover ratio. Product inventories are the least liquid assets that a company owns, and unsold inventory quickly becomes a money-losing proposition.

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The fixed asset turnover ratio only shows the efficiency with which the business is using its assets. In other words, it shows us the correlation between fixed assets and total sales. When calculating the asset turnover ratio, it is better to use net sales instead of gross sales. The reason is that net sales refer only to products that have reached the hands of the customer. So use your income statement to find your gross revenue and subtract sales returns, discounts, damaged goods, missing goods, lost goods, etc.

asset turnover calculation

A higher ratio is generally favorable, as it indicates an efficient use of assets. The DuPont analysis is a framework for analyzing fundamental performance popularized by the DuPont Corporation. Locate the ending balance or value of the company’s assets at the end of the year. Adam Hayes is a financial writer with 15+ years Wall Street experience as a derivatives trader. Besides his extensive derivative trading expertise, Adam is an expert in economics and behavioral finance. Adam received his master’s in economics from The New School for Social Research and his Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in sociology. He is a CFA charterholder as well as holding FINRA Series 7 & 63 licenses.


If your ratio is above the industry average, it doesn’t necessarily mean that your productivity is higher; it could also be because of the depreciation of old assets. Likewise, suppose your asset turnover ratio is below the industry standards. In that case, it could mean that a new machine that you bought is giving you rich returns. If the asset turnover ratio is high, the company can generate a lot of revenue from its assets. But, on the other hand, if the asset turnover ratio is low, they do not use their assets efficiently.

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However, the same is not true of a legal services company where the main currency is their legal knowledge. You always need to compare it with industry standards or companies of a similar size. A capital-intensive business may have a much lower asset turnover than a business with low net assets but which generates high revenues. You can use the asset turnover ratio calculator below to work out your own ratios for comparison with other companies in your industry. On the opposite side, some industries like finance and digital will have very few assets, and their asset turnover ratio will be much higher.

Typically, a higher fixed asset turnover ratio indicates that a company has more effectively utilized its investment in fixed assets to generate revenue. Fixed asset turnover measures how well a company is using its fixed assets to generate revenues. The higher the fixed asset turnover ratio, the more effective the company’s investments in fixed assets have become. Furthermore, a high ratio indicates that a company spent less money in fixed assets for each dollar of sales revenue. Whereas, a declining ratio indicates that a company has over-invested in fixed assets. The asset turnover ratio measures the efficiency of a company’s assets in generating revenue or sales.

asset turnover calculation

All things equal, companies want a high turnover ratio, which allows them to spend less on assets in order to generate the same revenue as their competitors. First, asset turnover ratio is often called “total asset turnover ratio” or simply “asset turnover”. You should keep in mind that all three of these names refer to the same formula.

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His gross sales for the year totaled $71,000 with returns of $11,000, making his net sales $60,000. There are a couple of things to keep in mind when you calculate your asset turnover ratio. This means that $0.2 of sales is generated for every dollar investment in fixed asset. Using asset turnover calculation this ratio to compare companies in the same industry will be preferable than comparing companies across industries. Brandon’s Bread Company has been in the confectionery business for years. The company wants to expand its operations, and they have been looking for an angel investor.

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asset turnover calculation

So, for example, if a company had an asset turnover ratio of 3, this means that each dollar of assets generates $3 of revenue. As mentioned above, we have to be careful to use average fixed assets and the average must match the period that we are evaluating. For example, if we are looking at the fixed asset turnover for 1 year, then we must take the average of fixed assets over the course of that year. However, each component of this formula represents another formula in and of itself.

Therefore, the asset turnover ratio offers an excellent advantage for manufacturing units by analyzing the ROI concerning top-line growth. When there is a high turnover ratio in manufacturing companies, it is clear that the fixed assets are working at their optimal level. If a company has an asset turnover ratio of 1, this implies that the net sales of the firm are the same as the average total assets for an entire year. In other words, this would mean that the company generates 1 dollar of sales for every dollar the firm has invested in assets. The best way to interpret your total asset turnover ratio is as an efficiency rating for your business assets. If your ratio is low, it means at least some of your assets are not contributing enough to revenue generation.

Author: Andrea Wahbe


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